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Myopia Management FAQ

This page is dedicated to answering all of your questions about myopia, and what you can do to support your child’s healthy lifelong vision.

What is Myopia?

Myopia is a refractive error that causes distant objects to appear blurred caused by the elongation of the eye.

Myopic eyes are slightly longer from front to back than non-myopic eyes, so light is focused in front of the retina instead of directly on it.

Simply put, the meaning of myopia is nearsightedness.

Childhood myopia significantly increases the risk of developing serious sight-threatening diseases later in life. Moderate to severe myopia puts your child at a greater risk of developing cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachment and age-related macular degeneration, compared to children with low or no myopia.

Myopia management treatments help to slow myopia’s progression and minimize your child’s future risk of eye disease.

Have more questions? No problem.

Below, you’ll find a list of commonly asked questions about myopia that’ll help you gain a better understanding of the condition, and what parents can do to help their kids have life-long healthy vision.

FAQ

Does myopia management work?

Yes! In clinical trials, each myopia management method used was effective in reducing the progression of myopia compared to children who simply corrected their myopia with eyeglasses. On average, myopia management treatments can slow your child’s myopia by 50%.

When does myopia stop progressing?

Myopia usually stabilizes by the early-to-mid 20’s. Once a person’s body stops growing, their eyes will generally stop elongating as well.

Can myopia be prevented?

As of now, there isn’t yet a way to fully prevent myopia. However, certain lifestyle factors can delay myopia onset in children. For example, give your child ample time in the sunlight each day, limit their daily screen time, and encourage them to take frequent breaks from doing near activities. Speak with your optometrist about your child’s risk factors and what you can do for your child’s vision.

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Candidate For Myopia Management

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Is Your Child A Candidate For Myopia Management?

Rapidly progressing myopia is more than just a hassle — today’s research shows that it will put your child at increased risk of developing serious eye diseases in late adulthood, such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment and macular degeneration.

Fortunately, Dr. Susan Whaley can help slow the progression of your child’s myopia with a customized myopia management program.

What is Myopia Management?

Myopia management is an evidence-based program that can halt or slow the progression of myopia in children. Each myopia management treatment has varying benefits and levels of efficacy; Dr. Susan Whaley can help you decide which method is most suitable for your child depending on their age and myopia level.

Is Myopia Management Right for My Child?

The ideal candidate for myopia management is a child or young adult with practically any degree of myopia. Although it’s best to begin myopia management as early as possible, many older children, teens, and college students can still benefit from this treatment.

Is Myopia Management Right for My Child 450But first, here are a few factors to consider before embarking on a myopia management program:

  • The patient must be at least 6 or 7 years of age
  • He or she must be willing and able to care for contact lenses
  • Must have a certain level of maturity and responsibility

Below are some examples of myopia management patients:

A 9-year-old recently diagnosed with myopia is already noticing the need to increase her prescription. She begins myopia management to slow down or stop her deteriorating distance vision. This is a great time to start myopia management, as it offers the best chance of preserving long-term eye health.

Myopia management is also suitable for young teens or pre-teens. A 12-year-old who wants to eliminate the need for daytime glasses or contact lenses may find certain myopia management treatments to be very appealing.

A young teen who feels insecure about their appearance when wearing glasses, or who finds that glasses interfere with sports and other activities, may also find myopia management to be a great option.

A 16-year-old teen with mild to moderate myopia hopes to undergo corrective surgery in the future. If they begin myopia management at 16, they have a good chance of stabilizing their vision until they meet the age requirements for corrective surgery a few years later. In addition to decreasing their risks of future eye disease, slowing their myopia progression may increase their chance of successful corrective surgery.

We Can Help Control Your Child’s Myopia

Myopia management works best when parents wish to take a proactive role in preserving their child’s vision in the long term. The earlier a child receives myopia management, the easier it is to control myopia’s progression and the better the long-term results.

If your child has myopia, take action and help mitigate their risk of developing eye disease in the future. For further information or to schedule your consultation, contact Tallahassee Eye Center today.

Our practice serves patients from Tallahassee, Florida and surrounding communities.

REFERENCES

Myopia Management Appointment
Want To Discuss Myopia? Call 850-374-6438
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Myopia Management FAQ

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Myopia Management Quiz

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What Treatments Are Used In Myopia Management? 

[Eye_doctors] who determine that a child has myopia (nearsightedness) often prescribe eyeglasses or standard contact lenses. While these vision correction tools help the child see better, they cannot slow myopia’s progression. By using the most advanced myopia management methods, Dr. Susan Whaley can help your child slow myopia progression and reduce the risks of developing vision-robbing ocular diseases later in life.

This page will help you understand the different myopia treatment options and their associated benefits.

What Is Myopia Management?

Myopia begins in childhood and unless its progression is slowed, a child can become very nearsighted by early adulthood. It is not a static condition. By the time you take your child for their next eye exam, their level of nearsightedness will have likely increased.

The goal of myopia management is to slow down its progression, because myopia increases the risk of eventually developing eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment and macular degeneration. The higher the progression of myopia, the greater the risk. The earlier your child begins myopia management, even for mild myopia, the greater the benefits.

If you’re concerned that your child’s vision is deteriorating rapidly, contact Tallahassee Eye Center today. We can help.

What Are the Myopia Management Treatment Methods?

Ortho-K/Orthokeratology

Also known under the following terms:

  • Gentle Shaping Vision System (GVSS)
  • Corneal Reshaping Therapy (CRT)
  • Vision Shaping Therapy (VST)
  • Corneal Molding (CM)

Ortho-k is proven to significantly decrease the rate of myopia progression by gently reshaping the cornea with a specialized custom-fit contact lens that needs to be worn overnight. By the morning, the corneal elongation that causes nearsightedness is greatly reduced. This temporary reshaping provides clear vision the following day, without any need to wear eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Atropine Drops

Atropine is a medication that can treat a variety of conditions and complications. Today, it is most commonly used to dilate the pupils for certain eye exams.

Recent research shows that low-dose atropine eye drops can effectively slow down myopia progression in children. When 0.01% atropine eye drops are applied at bedtime over an extended period of time, myopia progression can be mitigated.

Because atropine does not correct vision, optometrists often prescribe the drops in combination with eyeglasses, and it’s frequently used to complement other methods of myopia management.

Multifocal Lenses

Multifocal contact lenses correct higher levels of myopia and are known to be very comfortable. They provide clear central and peripheral vision, and many people don’t even feel that they are wearing them.

Multifocal contact lenses focus light correctly across all areas onto your retina, improving peripheral vision. The center of the contact lens enables the wearer to focus on distant objects that appear blurry to a nearsighted person, while the outer zone enables near objects to be seen more clearly.

How To Choose the Right Myopia Treatment?

If your child has myopia, it is recommended that they undergo myopia management in some form or another. The suitability of orthokeratology or multifocal lenses depends largely on the age of the child and his/her maturity level and lifestyle. In general, children can wear contact lenses from the age of 8.

One factor to consider is the level of nearsightedness. If the refraction level is too high, corneal reshaping may not be as effective. Consult with Dr. Susan Whaley at Tallahassee Eye Center to determine whether your child’s prescription can be managed with ortho-k.

Lifestyle is a major consideration. A child who likes to play outdoors may find eyeglasses to be a nuisance, or dusty environments irritating when wearing contact lenses. For these children, ortho-k is probably the better choice.

If you opt for a corrective solution (glasses or contact lenses), consider using atropine drops. They are perfectly suited for young children and have few to no side effects.

Not sure which option to go with? Speak with Dr. Susan Whaley, who will advise you on the best myopia treatment for your child.

Our practice serves patients from Tallahassee, Florida and surrounding communities.
Myopia Management Appointment
Want To Discuss Myopia? Call 850-374-6438
Treatment Options for Farsightedness
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MiSight Contact Lenses For Myopia Management

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Ortho-K, the Safe Way to Sleep in Contact Lenses

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Soft Multifocal Contacts For Clear and Convenient Myopia Management

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Atropine Therapy for Myopia Management

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Myopia Management Quiz

Myopia Risk Assessment

*DISCLAIMER: This quiz is not designed to constitute advice as to your visual health or, more particularly, to provide a diagnosis. An accurate diagnosis for vision problems and conditions can only be made by an eye practitioner following a complete eye examination.

Myopia (nearsightedness) can cause serious eye conditions, especially later in life. If your child has myopia, fill in the quiz below and your eye doctor will contact you to discuss their risk of myopia progression and how it can be prevented.
Parent’s or Guardian’s Name(Required)
Age when your child was first diagnosed with myopia
What is the child’s ethnic background?

Which family members have myopia?
On average, how many hours per day does your child spend outdoors?
On average, how many hours per day does your child spend reading from a book, or looking at a computer, tablet, or cell phone screen?
When using a tablet or cell phone, or while reading a book does your child hold it less than 30 cms from their face?
Does you consider your child a bookworm?
Does your child experience eyestrain when working on the computer?
If your child wears glasses, does he or she leave them on when reading?

Myopia Management Resources

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Scientific Research on Myopia Management

The rapid spreading of myopia (nearsightedness) in children is cause for concern, not only to individual parents but to society in general. Scientists have been investigating potential causes and researching possible prevention methodologies.

Currently, myopia management is gradually replacing simple myopia correction. Find here some of the most significant underlying research reports supporting different methods of myopia management.


Orthokeratology slows myopic progression in young patients
Authors: Aparna Ramasubramanian MD
Journal: Ophthalmology, April 2019
Source:https://www.aao.org/editors-choice/orthokeratology-slows-myopic-progression-in-young-

The effect of orthokeratology on axial length elongation in children with myopia: Contralateral comparison study
Authors: Na M1, Yoo A2
Journal: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29524061

Optical and pharmacological strategies of myopia control
Authors: Kang P1Journal: Clinical & Experimental Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29488240

Posterior scleral reinforcement using genipin-cross-linked sclera for macular hole retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes
Authors: Zhu SQ1, Pan AP1, Zheng LY1, Wu Y1, Xue AQ1
Journal: The British Journal of Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29519878

Environmental factors explain socioeconomic prevalence differences in myopia in 6-year-old children
Authors: Tideman JWL1,2, Polling JR1,3, Hofman A2, Jaddoe VW2,4, Mackenbach JP5, Klaver CC1,2
Journal: The British Journal of Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28607175

Time spent in outdoor activities in relation to myopia prevention and control: a meta-analysis and systematic review
Authors: Shuyu Xiong1, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Thomas Naduvilath, Jiajie Zang, Haidong Zou, Jianfeng Zhu, Minzhi Lv, Xiangui He and Xun Xu
Journal: Acta Ophthalmologica
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28251836

Peripheral Design of Progressive Addition Lenses and the Lag of Accommodation in Myopes
Authors: Schilling T1, Ohlendorf A, Varnas SR, Wahl S
Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28672398

Contact lenses to slow the progression of myopia
Authors: Sankaridurg P.
Journal: Clinical & Experimental Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28752898

A Randomized Trial of Soft Multifocal Contact Lenses for Myopia Control: Baseline Data and Methods
Authors: Walline JJ1, GaumeGiannoni A, Sinnott LT, Chandler MA, Huang J, Mutti DO, Jones-Jordan LA, Berntsen DA; BLINK Study Group.
Journal: Optometry and Vision
Science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28737608

Atropine for the Prevention of Myopia Progression in Children: A Report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology
Authors: Pineles SL1, Kraker RT, VanderVeen DK, Hutchinson AK4, Galvin JA, Wilson LB, Lambert SR
Journal: Ophthalmology
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28669492

Atropine 0.5% eye drops for the treatment of children with low myopia: A randomized controlled trial
Authors: Wang YR1, Bian HL, Wang Q
Journal: Medicine (Baltimore)
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28682887

A Comparison of the Effects of Orthokeratology Lens, Medcall Lens and Ordinary Frame Glasses on the Accommodative Response in Myopic Children.
Authors: Han X1, Xu D, Ge W, Wang Z, Li X, Liu W
Journal: Eye & Contact Lens
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28617728

Update on Orthokeratology in Managing Progressive Myopia in Children: Efficacy, Mechanisms and Concerns
Authors: Xintong Li, MD1; Ilana B. Friedman, MD; Norman B. Medow, MD; Cheng Zhang, MD
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28092397

Protective Role of Orthokeratology in Reducing Risk of Rapid Axial Elongation: A Reanalysis of Data From the ROMIO and TO-SEE Studies
Authors: Pauline Cho1 and Sin-Wan Cheung
Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28253404

Design, methodology and baseline data of the Personalized Addition Lenses Clinical Trial (PACT)
Authors: Xinping Yu, MD1, Binjun Zhang, MD, Jinhua Bao, MD, Junxiao Zhang, BA, Ge Wu, MD, Jinling Xu, MD, Jingwei Zheng, PhD, Björn Drobe, PhD, Hao Chen, MD
Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(11):e6069
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28296722

The Case for Lens Treatments in the Control of Myopia Progression
Author: David TroiloJournal: Optometry and Vision
Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: pdfs.journals.lww.com/…/The_Case_for_Lens_Treatments_in_the_Control_of.7.pdf

Effects of multifocal soft contact lenses used to slow myopia progression on quality of vision in young adults
Authors: Pauline Kang, Colm McAlinden and Christine F. Wildsoet
Journal: Acta Ophthalmologica
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27495880

Myopia Control with Bifocal Contact Lenses: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Authors: Thomas A. Aller, Maria Liu and Christine F. Wildsoet
Journal: Optometry and Vision
Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26784710

Current concepts in myopia control
Authors: Mihelcic M.
Journal: Coll Antropol. 2013 Apr;37 Suppl 1:251-5
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23837253

Efficacy, Safety and Acceptability of Orthokeratology on Slowing Axial Elongation in Myopic Children by Meta-Analysis
Authors: Shi-Ming Li, Meng-Tian Kang, Shan-Shan Wu, Luo-Ru Liu, He Li, Zhuo Chen and Ningli Wang
Journal: Current Eye Research
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26237276

The Influence of Different OK Lens Designs on Peripheral Refraction
Authors: Pauline Kang and Helen Swarbrick
Journal: Optometry and Vision Science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27232901

New Perspective on Myopia Control with Orthokeratology
Authors: Pauline Kang and Helen Swarbrick
Journal: Optometry and Vision Science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26889820

Our practice serves patients from Tallahassee, Florida and surrounding communities.
Myopia Management Appointment
Want To Discuss Myopia? Call 850-374-6438
Learn More About Myopia Management
Specialty FAQ Thumbnail.jpg

Myopia Management FAQ

Candidate For Myopia Management Thumbnail.jpg

Is Your Child A Candidate For Myopia Management?

thumbnail girl wearing pink white teal and blue crew neck cold 1068205 1.jpg

What Treatments Are Used In Myopia Management? 

dry eye quiz thubnail.jpg

Myopia Management Quiz

Little girl checking her vision in doctors office

Myopia Management Blog

Our Latest Posts
Can We Stop Myopia from Progressing 640×350 1.jpg

Can We Stop Myopia From Progressing?

How Myopia Nearsightedness Can Affect Your Childs Life 640×350 1.jpg

How Myopia (Nearsightedness) Can Affect Your Child’s Life

Myopic Parents 640×350 1.jpg

Are Myopic Parents More Likely to Have Myopic Children?

How to Reduce Your Childs Screen Time 640×350 1.jpg

5 Ways to Reduce Your Child’s Screen Time

two kids 1280×480

Home »

Myopia Management Blog

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Can We Stop Myopia From Progressing?

Myopia management, an optometrist-developed program, can slow and even halt the progression of a child’s myopia. Read on to learn more.

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How Myopia (Nearsightedness) Can Affect Your Child’s Life

Myopia — nearsightedness — affects your ability to see faraway objects. Unless myopia is managed during childhood, it raises the risk of developing sight-threatening eye diseases later in life. Find out more about myopia management.

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Can you pass myopia, or nearsightedness, onto your kids? According to research, there is definitely a genetic component. Fortunately, myopia management can slow myopia progression.

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