Eye Health & Conditions


Basic Protection

Tips for protecting your eyes: To protect your eyesight and keep your eyes healthy as you age, consider these simple guidelines:  ... more


Frequently Asked Questions:  How often should children have their eyes examined?  ...more

Infants: At birth, your baby sees only in shades of gray...more

Learning Related Problems: Your child can have “20/20” eyesight and still have vision problems that can affect their learning...more

Conditions of the Eye

Allergies: Common signs of allergies include: red, swollen, tearing or itchy eyes; runny nose...more

Amblyopia: also known as “lazy eye,” is the lack of normal visual development in an eye, despite the eye being healthy...more

Astigmatism: A type of refractive error – a condition related to the shape and size of the eye that causes blurred vision. more

Blepharitis: inflammation of the eyelids, occurring particularly at the lid margins. It's a common disorder and may be associated with a low-grade bacterial infection or a generalized skin condition...more

Cataracts: a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye...more.

Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness due to injury or eye disease among Americans younger than age 65...more

Dry eye syndrome: (DES or “dry eye”) is the chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye...more

Floaters: tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous – the clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye...more

Glaucoma: refers to a category of eye disorders often associated with a dangerous buildup of internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure or IOP), which can damage the eye's optic nerve – the structure that transmits visual information from the eye to the brain...more

Hyperopia: or farsightedness, is a common vision problem affecting about 25% of the U.S.  population. People with hyperopia can usually see distant objects well, but have difficulty seeing objects that are up close...more

Keratoconus: a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye on its way to the light-sensitive retina, causing distorted vision...more

Macular degeneration: (also called AMD, ARMD, or age-related macular degeneration) is an age-related condition in which the most sensitive part of the retina, called the macula, starts to break down and lose its ability to create clear visual images...more

Myopia: Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a very common vision problem. It’s estimated that up to one-third of Americans are nearsighted... more

Ocular hypertension: means the pressure in your eye, or your intraocular pressure (IOP), is higher than normal levels. Elevated IOP is also associated with glaucoma... more

Pink eye (Conjunctivitis): the acute, contagious form of conjunctivitis – inflammation of the clear mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelids and overlies the white front surface of the eye, or sclera... more

Presbyopia: an age-related loss of flexibility of the lens inside the eye... more

Stye: (or hordeolum) develops when an eyelid gland at the base of an eyelash becomes infected. Resembling a pimple on the eyelid, a stye can grow on the inside or outside of the lid... more


Basics of Contact lenses: like eyeglasses or vision surgery, can correct your nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. Among Americans who need vision correction, about 20 percent wear contact lenses... more

Bifocal contacts lenses (like bifocal eyeglass lenses) have two powers – one for seeing clearly far away and one for seeing clearly up close... more

Gas permeable (GP) contact lenses:  also known as rigid gas permeable (RGP) lenses, are hard contact lenses made of silicone-containing compounds that allow oxygen to pass through the lens material to the eye... more

"Hard-to-Fit"Contact Lenses: Not everyone is an ideal candidate for contact lenses. If you have one or more of the following conditions, contact lens wear may be more difficult... more

Orthokeratology: or “ortho-k,” is the process of reshaping the eye with specially-designed rigid gas permeable (GP) contact lenses... more

Eye Exams

Comprehensive eye exam: includes a number of tests and procedures to examine and evaluate the health of your eyes and the quality of your vision... more

Importance of eye exam: During a complete eye exam, your eye doctor will not only determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but will also check your eyes for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health... more

Preparing for eye exam: Common questions about eye exams include: How much does an eye exam cost? How frequently should I have my eyes examined? What should I bring with me to my exam?... more

Eye Glasses

Basics of eye glasses: Eyeglasses are more popular today than ever, despite the availability of contact lenses and vision correction surgery... more

Frame materials: You can choose eyeglass frames based on factors such as color, hypoallergenic materials, durability, lightness, price and uniqueness... more

Lens options: When it comes to choosing eyeglass lenses, it’s no longer a simple choice of “glass or plastic?” Let’s look at your many options in eyeglass lenses in detail:... more

Specialty glasses: Whether you want optimum vision and comfort for a specific activity, such as computer use, work, hobbies or driving, or you need glasses that provide an extra margin of safety for work or recreation, special-purpose eyeglasses will usually meet these needs better than your “everyday” glasses... more


Eye Surgery Basics: Tired of wearing glasses or contact lenses? Today, several surgical methods can correct your eyesight and give you the freedom of seeing well without corrective lenses... more

Lasik: LASIK, short for laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, is the most popular refractive surgery available today. Each year, more than one million LASIK procedures are performed in the United States... more

Lasik criteria for success: Laser eye surgery isn't for everyone. Here are guidelines to help you decide if LASIK is right for you:... more

PRK: (or photorefractive keratectomy) is the original laser vision correction procedure. It received FDA approval for use in the United States in 1995, a few years before LASIK... more

Risks of surgery: If you are considering LASIK and are worried that something could go wrong, you might take comfort in knowing that it's very rare for complications from this procedure to cause permanent, significant vision loss... more

The following links will provide you with more information about all areas of vision and eye health:

Visit AllAboutVision.com to learn about eye diseases, including forms of macular degeneration, causes of glaucoma, and signs of a cataract.